Stitches and seam types are very important for garment quality. Stitches are used to join the patterns of the garment, and seams give the shape and detail of the garment.
What is the purpose of a seam?
Seams are an essential element to every garment and fabric accessory, as they join the material together to create the item. Seams are used for hems and to finish necklines and edges. Seams add shape through elements like darts, which are used to shape hips, waists, and bustlines.
What is seam in stitching?
In sewing, a seam is the join where two or more layers of fabric, leather, or other materials are held together with stitches. … In clothing construction, seams are classified by their type (plain, lapped, bound, flat) and position in the finished garment (centre back seam, inseam, side seam).
Why is it important to follow the appropriate type of seam in a specific type of fabric?
It is necessary to determine the most appropriate seam for each type of fabric to achieve a desired product quality. Quality reflects the performance of the apparel or textile product. Distinct seams are suitable for particular fabrics because each fabric has its own unique properties.
What is the difference between seams and seam finishes?
They are basic techniques used in the sewing process. The seam is the basic structural element of a garment or household textile item. It is the means by which two pieces of fabric are joined together. A seam finish is applied to/used on the unfinished seam edge to prevent raveling, curling, or rolling.
What are the 3 types of seams?
Different Types of Seams and Their Uses
- 1) Plain Seam. The first and the most basic seam around the world is the plain seam. …
- 2) Plain Seam With A Single Stitch. …
- 3) Plain Seam With Double Top Stitch. …
- 4) Hairline Seam. …
- 5) Bound Seam. …
- 6) Lapped Seam (Tucked Seam) …
- 7) French Seam. …
- Flat Felled Seam or Run and Fell Seam.
Where is lapped seam used?
Lapped seam is used in denim articles and for blouses and shirts. It is used in pant inseam and in shirt side seam.
What is the difference between stitch and seam?
Seam is the join between two or more plies of pieces of material, whereas a stitch is formed by one or more threads or loops of threads. Both the seam and stitch type affect the quality of a sewn garment which is characterized in terms of strength, durability, elasticity, security and appearance.
What factors affect the choice of seam?
Seam strength depends on the thread strength and stitch density. Seam performance of the garment depends on the fabric cover factor, fabric weight, thickness, tensile strength, fabric shrinkage along the fabric length and width, resiliency, bending rigidity, flexural rigidity and shear rigidity .
What garments are French seams used for?
A French seam is often used when the fabric is too delicate to overcast the seam allowance to prevent raveling. The construction of a French seam provides a clean, finished, professional look to the inside of the garment, such as concealing pinked edges.
Which seam is used for gathering clothes?
Description- The lapped seam is often used for joining a gathered or unfinished part to a straight or folded edge – most commonly seen in a yoke. Construction- Much like the name, this seam consists of one fabric on top that is folded down or tucked and stitched on top of a straight edge of fabric along the seam line.
What does finish the seams mean?
A seam finish is something that is done to the cut edge of the seam to prevent it from raveling. … Some suggested seam finishes are as follows: Unfinished or Plain: This method is appropriate for fabrics that do not ravel- usually only stable knits and bonded fabrics.