NEEDLES – Crewel needles size 5 – 8 are used for smocking stitches. THREAD – Embroidery floss is the best thread as it is strong and can be separated into one to six strands. Cotton thread is used for cotton and silk thread is used for silk.
What is a smocking stitch?
Smocking is a traditional embroidery technique that gathers fabric together into tight pleats so that it can stretch and return to its gathered shape. It is often used as a form of decoration on a garment, as the gathering of the material and stitches can be formulated to create patterns.
What are the materials needed in smocking?
Smocking requires lightweight fabric with a stable weave that gathers well. Cotton and silk are typical fiber choices, often in lawn or voile. Smocking is worked on a crewel embroidery needle in cotton or silk thread and normally requires three times the width of initial material as the finished item will have.
What needles to use for smocking?
Either a number 7 or 8 Embroidery needle (also known as a Crewel needle) or a number 7 Darner (originally used to darn socks) will give a good result.
What are the two basic methods that can be used in smocking?
Smocking basically consists of pleated fabric and a fibre (usually a floss) for embellishment stitches. Pleats are created in two ways; A set of dots printed or pressed on the fabric. Dots are then used as a gathering guide to create hand pleats (Figure 9.9).
What are the 5 basic smocking stitches?
Start with one of these five basic stitches:
- Cross-stitch. Commonly used for decorative purposes, the cross-stitch is X-shaped and arrayed like tiles.
- Whipstitch. The thread spirals around the edge of one or both pieces of fabric. …
- Running stitch. …
- Ladder stitch. …
What are the five basic stitches in smocking?
SMOCKING | How to Do Smocking the Easy Way
- Step 1 – Direction.
- Step 2 – Starter Stitch.
- Step 3 – Outline Stitch.
- Step 4 – Varied Stitches.
- Step 5 – Finishing.
What are the types of smocking?
Several types of smocking
- outline stitch.
- cable stitch.
- wave stitch.
- honeycomb stitch.
- vandyke stitch.
- surface honeycomb stitch (with some beading).
What is the difference between smocking and shirring?
Shirring, defined as two or more rows of gathers used to decorate parts of garments, usually the sleeves, bodice and yoke. Smocking, defined as a decorative embroidery or shirring made by gathering cloth in regularly spaced round tucks.
How old is smocking?
The oldest account of smocking dates back to 1175 BC! From the late 17th century to the Industrial Revolution of the late 19th century Smocked Frocks were a very popular piece of clothing for people in rural Britain to wear. The garments were made out of Linen and waterproofed by wiping them down with linseed oil.
What is English smocking?
English smocking is embroidery on prepleated fabric. … While smocking is most frequently seen on clothing, this type of embroidery offers the adventuresome embroiderer opportunities to manipulate fabric into the third dimension.
Is honeycomb smocking stretchy?
This stitch is more elastic than any other of the smocking stitches, and is equally suitable for fine or coarse work.
What does smocked mean?
Smocked refers to the gathers, it is a decorative way of creating shape in a straight piece of fabric, usually its done across the chest.